Country Data Sets for Pacific Biodiversity Information
You are currently viewing Commonwealth of Australia
Population: 19,731,984 (July 2003 est.)
Land Area: Total of 7,686,850 sq km
No. of Islands: N/A
Lat/Long (Capital): 27′S, 133′E Terrain: mostly low plateau with deserts in the center and west; fertile plain in southeast
Climate: Arid to semiarid in the center and west; temperate in south and east; tropical in north
Common Flora: 700+ species of Eucalypts, 600+ species of Acacia,~75 species of Banksia, and a variety of other flora, many species of which are unique to Australia.
Common Fauna: Australia is famous for its marsupials, best known are the kangaroo, koala, platypus, wombat and spiny anteater. There are about 280 species of mammals, 800 of bird, 300 of lizard, 140 of snake and two of crocodile. Of the mammals, almost half are marsupials. The rest are either placental mammals or monotremes and most are unique to Australia.
Notes: Australia is the smallest continent, but the 6th largest country.