Country Data Sets for Pacific Biodiversity Information
You are currently viewing Papua New Guinea
Capital: Port Moresby
Population: 5,620,000 (July 2005 est.)
Land Area: 452,860 sq km
No. of Islands: Not applicable. Papua New Guinea occupies half of the island of New Guinea, and controls numerous smaller islands and island groups, including New Britain, New Ireland, Bougainville, D’Entrecasteaux, Trobriand, and many other groups.
Lat/Long: 6′S, 147′E
Terrain: coastal lowlands with rolling foothills and interior mountains
Climate: tropical climate with monsoonal rainy seasons
Common Flora: With over 9000 known species, a great diversity of flora are found in the rainforests of Papua New Guinea.
Common Fauna: Birds, mammals (including marsupials), reptiles and amphibians are all native and abundant on Papua New Guinea. There is a great diversity of insects as well, including the largest butterfly in the world, the Queen Alexandra Birdwing Butterfly.