Country Data Sets for Pacific Biodiversity Information
You are currently viewing Nauru
Capital: Yaren District
Population: 13,528 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area: 21 sq km
No. of Islands: 1
Lat/Long (Capital): 0’32″S, 166’55″E
Terrain: sandy beach rising to a fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center
Climate:tropical; rainy season (November to February); little seasonal temperature variation
Common Flora: Pandanus palms, bananas, coconut, frangipani and the Pacific banyan are common tree species. 179 species of plants and trees have been recorded, including the tomano tree, one of the few indigenous trees.
Common Fauna: Most land vertebrates are birds. A nightingale reed warbler, known as the Nauru canary, is native to the island. There are no native mammals, but rats, cats and mice were brought by European ships.
Notes: Nauru is one of the three main phosphate mining islands in the Pacific. (Banaba in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia are the other two.)