Country Data Sets for Pacific Biodiversity Information
You are currently viewing New Zealand (Aotearoa)
Population: 3,951,307 (July 2003 est.)
Land Area: 268,680 sq km
No. of Islands: 2 main
Lat/Long (Capital): 41′S, 174′E
Terrain: predominately mountainous with some large coastal plains
Climate: temperate with sharp regional contrasts between north and south
Common Flora: Silver Fern, cabbage tree, and species such as Kauri, Pohutakawa (New Zealand Christmas tree), and Rimu are plants native to New Zealand. There are over 20 species of endemic conifer trees. Most of these trees are podocarps, or evergreen trees bearing pulpy fruit with a single, hard seed
Common Fauna: Most native land vertebrates are birds, although dogs, cats, rats, sheep and other globally common species have been introduced by humans.
Notes: New Zealand was once home to one of the largest birds in the world, the Moa. It is now extinct.