Country Data Sets for Pacific Biodiversity Information
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Population: 186,649 (2007 est.)
Land Area: 2,850 sq km
No. of Islands: 2 Main Islands, 8 smaller islands
Lat/Long: 13’35″S, 172’20″W
Terrain: narrow coastal lowlands with volcanic interior mountains
Climate: tropical climate with a rainy and a dry season
Common Flora: Tree ferns, hardwoods like ironwood, ebony, and teak, mangroves, and various commercial and subsistance agricultural plants.
Common Fauna: Birds are the original dominant vertebrates, endemic birds include a fruit dove, tooth-billed pigeons, and kingfishers. There are many seabirds that use the Samoan islands for nesting. Fruit bats were an original land mammal. Dogs, pigs, cats and rats were introduced by humans and are now common.