Country Data Sets for Pacific Biodiversity Information
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Population: 9,652 (SPC 2006)
Land Area: 26 sq km
No. of Islands: 9
Lat/Long: 8′S, 178′E
Terrain: low coral atolls.
Climate:tropical with regular easterly tradewinds with westerly storms from November to March.
Common Flora: Coconut, pandanus, breadfruit, taro, banana, and papaya are the most common plants.
Common Fauna: Migratory sea birds are often seen, while rats, lizards, pigs and chickens were all introduced by humans.
Notes: Tuvalu was formerly known as the Ellice Islands and, with Kiribati, was part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands while they were a British colony.