Country Data Sets for Pacific Biodiversity Information
You are currently viewing Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Population: 65,000 (July 2006 est.)
Land Area: 477 sq km
No. of Islands: 14
Lat/Long (Capital): 15’12″N, 145’45″E
Terrain: limestone southern islands with fringing coral reefs; volcanic northern islands
Climate: tropical with little temperature variation; moderated by northeast trade winds
Common Flora: Mangroves, bananas, coconut, hibiscus, ironwood, plumeria and the Pacific banyan are common tree species. The Fire tree is an endemic tree threatened by habitat loss and invasive species.
Common Fauna: Most land vertebrates are birds. There are two species of bat native to CNMI, as well as skinks, geckos and sea turtles. Rats, cats and mice were brought by European ships.
Notes: There are active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan.