Country Data Sets for Pacific Biodiversity Information
You are currently viewing New Caledonia (Nouvelle Caledonie) [France]
Population: 221,943 (July 2007 est.)
Land Area: 18,575 sq km
No. of Islands: 1 main island, 5 small surrounding islands, several small, uninhabited island chains.
Lat/Long: 21’30″S, 165’30″E
Terrain: central mountains with coastal lowlands.
Climate:tropical, hot and humid
Common Flora: Mangrove swamps and grasslands dominate the western coast. There is a very distinctive looking pine tree Araucaria columnaris that is native to New Caledonia.
Common Fauna: Bats, rats, and birds are all native to New Caledonia. Larger, globally common species, such as dogs and cats, were later introduced. New Caledonia’s lagoon and reefs host a great diversity of marine life.
Notes: New Caledonia became an overseas territory of France in 1956.