Country Data Sets for Pacific Biodiversity Information
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Population: 221,417 (2006 SPC)
Land Area: 12,200 sq km
No. of Islands: 80 islands and atolls, About 65 inhabited
Lat/Long: 16 S, 167 E
Terrain: mostly mountainous volcanic islands with narrow coastal margins
Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds
Common Flora: Interior rainforests characterize the higher islands, while the atolls have ground covers, such as Sesuvium, and salt-hardy trees, like Coconut palms.
Common Fauna: 50+ native species of birds, as well as migratory species. The greatest variety of fauna is in the marine environment, with a wide variety of fish and crustaceans.
Notes: Vanuatu was formerly known as New Hebrides.